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GHAZAN KHAN                    195
World Conqueror he fled to Egypt and spent the rest
of his life in seeking to regain and hold his dominions.
In A.H. 813 (1410) he had recovered Baghdad, but when
invading Azerbaijan he was defeated by the Kara Kuyunlu,
who succeeded this undistinguished dynasty.
The Muzaffarids, A.H. 713-795 (I3I3-*393)-—The
founder of the Southern Persian dynasty was a certain
Amir Muzaffar, who was appointed Governor of Maybud,
a small town to the north-west of Yezd. His son in
A.H. 713 (1313) was appointed Governor of Yezd and
Fars by Abu Said, and so increased his influence by
marrying Kutlugh Turkan, the only daughter of Shah
Jahan of the Kutlugh Khans of Kerman, that in A.H.
741 (1340) he obtained possession of that province. In
A.H. 754 (1353), after a series of campaigns fought with
Abu Ishak, Inju, he annexed Fars, and three years later
Isfahan. Finding the conditions favourable, this successful
warrior led his army to Tabriz, but wheja he was apparently
at the zenith of his fame his sons conspired against him
and blinded him. His successors quarrelled among
themselves and merit little notice, except that Shah Shuja
is known to fame as the patron of Hafiz. Sultan Ahmad,
the Imad-u-Din, is well known at Kerman as the founder
of the Pa Minar mosque. In his honour, too, was carved
the beautiful stone pulpit which I discovered at Kala-i-Sang,
the old capital of the province. The family submitted to
Tamerlane, but rebelled, and in a desperate charge Shah
Mansur nearly succeeded in killing the Great Conqueror
himself, as wiU be seen in the following chapter. On this
account the dynasty was exterminated.1
The Karts of Herat., A.H. 643-791 (1245-1389).—To
complete the survey of petty dynasties mention must be
made of the Kart race of Ghor, which held Herat under
the Mongols from the middle of the thirteenth century
of our ,era. As mentioned above, Fakhr-u-Din gained
the favour of Ghazan by handing over Noruz, and the
dynasty, partly owing to the possession of an inaccessible
fort, maintained itself until a few years after the conquest
of Herat by Timur in A.H. 783 (1381).
1 This dynasty is dealt with at greater length in Ten Thousand Miles, etc., p. 63.